REQUIREMENTS OF THE HOME VEGETABLE GARDEN.
Within deciding upon the site for the house vegetable garden it is nicely to dispose once and for all from the old idea that the garden "patch" must be an unsightly spot in the home surroundings. In case thoughtfully planned, carefully grown and thoroughly cared for, it might be made a beautiful and unified feature of the general system, lending a touch of comfortable homeliness that no shrubs, edges, or beds can actually produce.
With this fact in your mind we will not feel restricted to any kind of part of the premises merely currently out of sight behind the actual barn or garage. Within the average moderate-sized place people not be much choice regarding land. It will be necessary to get what is to be had and then the actual very best that can be done with it. However there will probably be a good deal of option as to, first, exposure, as well as second, convenience. Other things becoming equal, select a spot close to at hand, easy of accessibility. It may seem that a difference associated with only a few hundred yards means nothing, but if one is based largely upon spare occasions for working in and for viewing the garden and in the actual growing of many vegetables the actual latter is almost as important as the previous this matter of convenient accessibility will be of much greater significance than is likely to be at first acknowledged. Not until you have had to create a dozen time-wasting trips with regard to forgotten seeds or resources, or gotten your feet placing wet by going out with the dew-drenched grass, will you understand fully what this may imply.
But the thing associated with first importance to consider within picking out the spot that is in order to yield you happiness as well as delicious vegetables all summer time, or even for many years, is the publicity. Pick out the "earliest" place you can find a plot sloping a little to the south or eastern, that seems to catch sunlight early and hold this late, and that seems to be from the direct path of the chill north and northeast wind gusts. If a building, or even a vintage fence, protects it using this direction, your garden is going to be helped along wonderfully, to have an early start is a great large factor toward success. When it is not already protected, the board fence, or a off-set of some low-growing bushes or young evergreens, will certainly add very greatly in order to its usefulness. The importance of getting such a protection or refuge is altogether underestimated through the amateur.
The probabilities are that you will not look for a spot of ideal garden soil ready for use anyplace upon your place. But almost all except the very worst associated with soils can be brought up to some very high degree of productiveness particularly such small areas because home vegetable gardens need. Large tracts of soil that are almost pure fine sand, and others so heavy as well as mucky that for centuries these people lay uncultivated, have regularly been brought, in the course of just a few years, to where these people yield annually tremendous vegetation on a commercial basis. Techniques not be discouraged about your soil. Proper treatment of it is much more essential, and a garden- patch associated with average run-down, or "never-brought-up" soil will produce a lot more for the energetic and cautious gardener than the richest place will grow under typical methods of cultivation.
The ideal garden soil is a "rich, soft sand loam. " And the reality cannot be overemphasized that this kind of soils usually are made, not really found. Let us analyze which description a bit, for the following we come to the first of the 4 all-important factors of horticulture food. The others are farming, moisture and temperature. "Rich" in the gardener's vocabulary indicates full of plant food; in addition to that and this is a point associated with vital importance it means filled with plant food ready to be applied at once, all prepared as well as spread out on the garden desk, or rather in it, where developing things can at once take advantage of it; or what we phrase, in one word, "available" plant food. Practically no soils within long- inhabited communities stay naturally rich enough to create big crops. They are created rich, or kept wealthy, in two ways; very first, by cultivation, which helps you to change the raw plant food stored in the soil in to available forms; and 2nd, by manuring or including plant food to the soil from outside sources.
"Sandy" in the sense here used, indicates a soil containing sufficient particles of sand to ensure that water will pass through this without leaving it pasty and sticky a few days following a rain; "light" enough, currently called, so that a handful, below ordinary conditions, will fall and fall apart readily right after being pressed in the hands. It is not necessary that the soil be sandy in appearance, however it should be friable.
"Loam: the rich, friable soil, inch says Webster. That barely covers it, but it really does describe it. It is soil in which the sand and clay courts are in proper proportions, to ensure that neither greatly predominate, and generally dark in color, through cultivation and enrichment. This type of soil, even to the added eye, just naturally appears as if it would grow points. It is remarkable how quickly the entire physical appearance of a piece of nicely cultivated ground will change. An incident came under my notice final fall in one of my areas, where a strip containing a good acre had been two years within onions, and a little item jutting off from the middle of this particular had been prepared for them only one season. The rest had not obtained any extra manuring or even cultivation. When the field had been plowed up in the drop, all three sections were because distinctly noticeable as though divided by a fence. And I realize that next spring's crop associated with rye, before it is plowed under, will show the outlines of demarcation just as obviously.